The reality behind industrial meat: what’s happening in the Amazon?

We are going to get on an adventure. A real adventure. Hey it’s Raul from Sao Paulo, Brazil. And I have been cooking for five years. Let’s start may I start? Today I’m making Kaftas a popular
dish in Brazil, originally from Lebanon. I’m using beef. Brazilian beef. For Brazilians having meat on their plate
is really important. And I’m going to do a Baba Ganoush with
some Amazonian flavours I’m going to use pimiento de cheiro, castanhas – Brazilian nuts. I’m known in Brazil for my time on Masterchef When I start to cook I start to play music
in my head. It’s my way. Its my path. It’s me. Here it is. Ta Dah. I think the past two months I didn’t have,
I didn’t sleep well. Like everyone I’ve been watching pictures
of the Amazon burn. I wanted to find out what was really going
on there. I have a one year old boy and what kind of future
is he going to have? Intending to have a better notion of what’s
happening into the Amazon we are heading to INPE headquarters. The national space programme. Lots of brains thinking and working at the
same time. It’s alarming because you can see in the
map this huge huge area of deforestation. (whistles) We’ve lost 20 percent of the Amazon so far. The information doesn’t give you the reasons
why it’s happening, who is doing this. Come with us because we have a big journey ahead. I travel to Manaus and visit the Greenpeace
office. We are losing a huge amount of forest every
day and every month. We are the last generation who can really
make a difference for the generations that are coming. The effects are very very clear there is no
question about that. The Amazonian forest is the reservoir for
190 gigatonnes of carbon and if you cut down the forest the carbon go straight to the atmosphere
aggravating the already serious issue of global warming. Manaus is right on the edge of the rainforest. There’s a cool tower where you can
see into the heart of the Amazon. Just take a look. What about you? I have a baby boy, one year, Francisco. He is
very lovely. He is growing so fast. I was raised spending vacations with my grandmother’s
house and playing in the woods. We are threatening the chance for them to
have an opportunity to see all of this. Each minute three football pitches are destroyed
in the Amazon. But who’s to blame? Cattle ranching is the main reason for deforestation
in the Amazon. It’s more complicated than cattle ranchers
just rocking up to the Amazon and cutting down trees. Other groups do the dirty work. The land grabbers. Or grileiros as they call them. He invades, he has this expectation of becoming the owner of the land later on But he has to demonstrate possession. So he will remove the wood, sell the wood, he will earn money from it. Then he will put up cattle. And just after that what they are going to
do is make a land registration. and then he will be able to regularize that occupation that was illegal in its origin. The land grabbers often bring pistoleros,
armed men who chase people off their land. Organized crime has no ideology, no preference and no morals or scruples. So if it’s drugs, it’s drugs that make money. If it is wood, it will be wood. If it’s livestock, it’s livestock. These are
the fundamental impacts: the direct violence, the threats, the murders. Oh it’s really evil. I want to see for myself what’s going on. It’s four hours by plane and car to the
first place. We arrive in the dark, meeting Geraldo the
Cacique – leader of this indigenous community. We used to be an indigenous nation rich in culture, but today… everything is cattle ranching. On our side here is cattle ranching on the other side is cattle ranching, at the bottom of the river, everything is cattle ranching. The neighbors set fire in there and the fire went into the reserve. Then the fire kept rising. Increasing, increasing … I know it lasted for 3 months. 3 months? 3 months. Burning nonstop? Burning everything. Everything, everything, everything… He takes me to the site of a forest mud lake
where they used to hunt animals: deer and pigs. Now there’s no forest, no lake. They deforest there, then the stream runs into the area and dries up. They had this huge water supply natural water
supply and now they have to wait for the water supply coming from the city. It’s tough but they’re fighting to make
a life, a different life. I’m a little scared I’m anxious, I’m
excited. Seeing it from above you can have this full notion
of what’s happening. It’s way more serious than I was imagining. I didn’t have a notion of how big it was. How many farms there were. It’s… like a wound The landowners only see profits in the next
two, three or four years does not matter the destruction they are causing to the environment It’s five in the morning… Yay! The indigenous community here is trying to
turn things around on this protected land which used to be cattle ranches. You guys planted all of this? All of this. Sukunaki and his community are planting the
forest back with fruit and nut trees. It was very degraded. So we got here, it was all field here, there was no such thing as fruit, there was no such thing as fruit at all. This
young forest used to be an airport for the cattle ranchers. They think we are poor, right. But we are rich in abundance We are not rich with airplanes, with cars, not with these things. Our culture is to take care of the forest, take care of the environment, live in harmony with beings, right. Three hours by river to the next destination. There are no roads and that’s given this
traditional community some shelter from the advance of cattle. Now I’m in the middle of the forest, this
is the real jungle we can see. Oh my God. Solange takes us for a walk up to a
patch of Castanha trees – Brazil nuts. They are big industries, agribusiness invading it, transforming it, disfiguring it from its original state, It’s sad, it’s… ah, I don’t like, I don’t like to talk about it. Honestly… because when we talk about a death, it’s not good. No. For us, the forest is life, it is us. Renato, the head of the community,
shows me what foods grow here. They live selling bananas and avocados and
oranges and all kinds of fruit, they have açai It’s a forest of fruit. In the jungle there are not only trees and
animals but there are really good people, hard working people. Their peaceful life is under attack. Land grabbers have been coming up the river
and starting to clear forest behind them. The farmer can’t do it. He can’t do it by himself. Of course, he has it done by someone. He pays for it. Yeah, this is the worst. He’s got the money… He’s the boss. I head out with with Renato and his family to
check on the nut trees. They think there might be some grileiros. Are things dangerous over there? It’s already very dangerous over there. Not only for the nuts but for you too, right? Yes, for us. The place where we harvest the nuts is now almost totally inside their field. So I think it’s safer for me. Safe choice for me staying here. “We won’t let them invade, we won’t let them, regardless of whether we die” Chico Mendes, who left a legacy… that’s why he wanted us to stand, all of us, we and the nature. Ninety per cent of Brazilians doesn’t get
the link, the meat they are eating makes so much impact on the environment. On the last night they invite me to cook a meal this time I’m not going to use meat. We’re going to use vegetables we’re going
to use pimiento de cheiro, going to use castanhas, farinha uarini, Amazonic flour. After this trip I can tell that I’m only eating 5-7% of the quantity of meat that I used to consume before. Cattle meat, I’m not having cattle meat. Yeah definitely I’m a different person,
so thank you Amazon. I’d like to thank the people living here
who are taking good care of the forest and the people who are fighting against everything
that goes against their way of living. They have just made a new friend, a new ally. So that’s it. Thank you. Shall we go home, see my boy, see my wife.

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